rianto isaac's Weblog

rianto utomo isaac sahala utomo

html, dasar-dasar css

leave a comment »

HTML Layouts


Websites often display content in multiple columns (like a magazine or newspaper).


City Gallery

London
Paris
Tokyo

London

London is the capital city of England. It is the most populous city in the United Kingdom, with a metropolitan area of over 13 million inhabitants.

Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.

Copyright © W3Schools.com

HTML Layout Using <div> Elements

Note The <div> element is often used as a layout tool, because it can easily be positioned with CSS.

This example uses 4 <div> elements to create a multiple column layout:

Example

<body>

<div id=“header”>
<h1>City Gallery</h1>
</div>

<div id=“nav”>
London<br>
Paris<br>
Tokyo<br>
</div>

<div id=“section”>
<h1>London</h1>
<p>
London is the capital city of England. It is the most populous city in the United Kingdom,
with a metropolitan area of over 13 million inhabitants.
</p>
<p>
Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia,
its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.
</p>
</div>

<div id=“footer”>
Copyright © W3Schools.com
</div>

</body>

Try it yourself »

 

The CSS:

<style>
#header
{
background-color:black;
color:white;
text-align:center;
padding:5px;
}
#nav {
line-height:30px;
background-color:#eeeeee;
height:300px;
width:100px;
float:left;
padding:5px;
}
#section {
width:350px;
float:left;
padding:10px;
}
#footer {
background-color:black;
color:white;
clear:both;
text-align:center;
padding:5px;
}
</style>

Website Layout Using HTML5

HTML5 offers new semantic elements that define different parts of a web page:

HTML5 Semantic Elements
header Defines a header for a document or a section
nav Defines a container for navigation links
section Defines a section in a document
article Defines an independent self-contained article
aside Defines content aside from the content (like a sidebar)
footer Defines a footer for a document or a section
details Defines additional details
summary Defines a heading for the details element

This example uses <header>, <nav>, <section>, and <footer> to create a multiple column layout:

Example

<body>

<header>
<h1>City Gallery</h1>
</header>

<nav>
London<br>
Paris<br>
Tokyo<br>
</nav>

<section>
<h1>London</h1>
<p>
London is the capital city of England. It is the most populous city in the United Kingdom,
with a metropolitan area of over 13 million inhabitants.
</p>
<p>
Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia,
its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.
</p>
</section>

<footer>
Copyright © W3Schools.com
</footer>

</body>

Try it yourself »

 

The CSS

<style>
header
{
background-color:black;
color:white;
text-align:center;
padding:5px;
}
nav {
line-height:30px;
background-color:#eeeeee;
height:300px;
width:100px;
float:left;
padding:5px;
}
section {
width:350px;
float:left;
padding:10px;
}
footer {
background-color:black;
color:white;
clear:both;
text-align:center;
padding:5px;
}

HTML Layout Using Tables

Note The <table> element was not designed to be a layout tool.
The purpose of the <table> element is to display tabular data.

Layout can be achieved using the <table> element, because table elements can be styled with CSS:

Example

<body>

<table class=“lamp”>
<tr>
<th>
<img src=“/images/lamp.jpg” alt=“Note” style=“height:32px;width:32px”>
</th>
<td>
The table element was not designed to be a layout tool.
</td>
</tr>
</table>

</body>

Try it yourself »

 

The CSS

<style>
table.lamp
{
width:100%;
border:1px solid #d4d4d4;
}
table.lamp th, td {
padding:10px;
}
table.lamp td {
width:40px;
}
</style>

rianto utomo bole nyontek dari http://www.w3schools.com/html/html_layout.asp

Written by isaaconi

Februari 5, 2015 pada 1:32 pm

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

%d blogger menyukai ini: